Verb Tenses
By chulatutor   on 01/06/17

Hi ! Come back to IELTS on the go and this issue will continue to the common mistakes in IELTs Examination. As I have said from the last issue that you can get more score with appropriate grammar. Below are 2 major mistakes about English grammar. (You already know first 4 common mistakes from the last issue.)

 

Verb Tenses

There are 12 tenses in English Grammar Structure. Each has its own function and you should always consider which tense you should use  to make your sentence perfectly correct. Here are the example and tense structure.

  1. Present simple (S + V1) :

things that are always true (The sun rises in the east.)

general statements of fact (I was born in 1987)

habits (I go to work every day at 8 am)

2. Present continuous (S + V to be + V.ing) :

an action at the moment of speaking

something in progress this week, month or year

to talk about a future planned event

3. Present Perfect (S + has/have + V3):

an action that took place at an indefinite time in the past

an action that was repeated before now

an action that began in the past and continues until now

4. Present Perfect Continuous (S+ has/have+been+V.ing):

to show the duration of something that happened in the past and    continues until now

a general activity in progress recently

5. Past Simple (S+ V2) :

action that began in the past and finished in the past

6. Past Continuous (S + was/were + V.ing) :

talk about an action that was happening in the past when another occurred

an action that was in progress at a specific time in the past

7. Past Perfect (S+had+V3) :

talk about something that was completed before another activity or another time in the past

8. Past Perfect Continuous (S+has/have+ been+V.ing) :

talk about duration of activity that was in progress before another event in the past

an activity in progress that is recent to another time or activity in the past

9. Future Simple (S+will +V.infinitive) :

to predict or plan for the future

to express a willingness to do something

10. Future Continuous (S+will + be + V.ing) :

an action that will be in progress at a time in the future

11. Future Perfect (S+will + have + V3) :

an action that will be completed before another time or event in the future

12. Future Perfect Continuous (S+will+have+been+V3) :

the duration of an action that will be in progress before another time or event in the future

 

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Some nouns in English can’t be counted which are called uncountable noun  and will therefore always be in the singular form with no S ending. Some common nouns that people often get wrong in the IELTS test are : advice, air, alcohol, bread, chocolate, energy,  flood, food, furniture, ice, information, knowledge, leather, literature, luggage, money, noise, paper, research, rain, traffic, work, wool

 

You cannot use any of these words below with uncountable nouns:

  • a plural verb
  • a number
  • a few, a couple, many, a number of
  • a/an

Also, there are some words which can be both countable and uncountable nouns and we often get confused.

 

I hope these common mistakes will help you review your English grammar before taking the test. Keep reading and practice the test. Your goal is waiting for you. See you next issue.

 

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