TOP TIPS TOEIC Gerund
Gerund is one type of English grammatical structure we have frequently found in TOEIC test. Many people always get confused between Gerund and Infinitive because of the verbs using in the structure are quite confusing. This article will focus on Gerund, how to use, tips to observe it and example of the test.
A Gerund is a verbal that ends in –ing form and functions as a Noun. A Gerund can be used as a subject, direct object, subject complement, and object of preposition as its function is NOUN.
Below are 24 verbs which followed by gerund. Here, I will put “doing” after these verbs in order to help you guys remember the verbs.
|admit doing||deny doing||imagine doing||miss doing|
|avoid doing||dislike doing||involve doing||postpone doing|
|can’t help doing||discuss doing||justify doing||practice doing|
|can’t stand doing||enjoy doing||keep on doing||put off doing|
|consider doing||finish doing||mention doing||resent doing|
|delay doing||give up doing||mind doing||risk doing|
How to remember these verbs is not a problem for many students but the way of using these verbs is often a big problem because there are some verbs that can be followed by either gerund or infinitive (a verb which is usually formed by to + base form of verb). But the meaning is of course different. Let’s see examples below :
– I forgot to call Linda. (to state that he forgets to do something)
– I’ll never forget talking to Linda. (to tell that he has a memory of something that happens before)
– I’ve stopped drinking. (He is no longer drink alcohol)
– He stopped for a few minutes to drink water. (He stopped what he was doing to drink water)
– He advised calling the restaurant to reserve the table. (with no direct object, use gerund)
– He advises you to call the restaurant to reserve the table. ( with direct object, use to + infinitive)
– We do not allow smoking in this area. (When there is no direct object.)
– We do not allow people to smoke. (When there is direct object.)
– I suggest parking right here. (When there is no direct object.)
– I suggest you park the car right here. (When there is direct object and we use in Subjunctive form : Verb in Subjunctive form is an original verb.)
– They went on exercising for more than an hour. (go on means continue.)
– They go on to talk about other topics. (go on means change to another subject.)
Words above are often used in two ways depending on the meaning of the writer or speaker. So, you must be careful when doing the exam. Try translating the sentence using your grammar knowledge and you will know what to use, gerund or infinitive. Next article, we will find out more about infinitive, how to use and its exception. Be prepared!