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TOEIC Day 9 – Grammar 3
By chulatutor   on 02/07/15

TOEIC

TOEIC Day 9 – Grammar 3

  • Causative forms

A sentence in causative form is the one that has the following verbs; let, make, have, get, and help. They are called causative verbs. For example, I had my hair cut yesterday. Here are the forms.

Here are the forms.

PermittingLET + person/thing + Verb in base form
ForcingMAKE + person + Verb in base form
Giving responsibilityHAVE + person + Verb in base form
HAVE + Thing + Verb in Past Participle
Convincing / encouragingGET + person + to + Verb
Assisting someoneHELP + person + Verb in base form
HELP + person + to + Verb

For more examples, go here.

Check this out : http://www.espressoenglish.net/causative-verbs-in-english-let-make-have-get-help/

 

  • Comparisons

You can make comparison in two aspects; comparative and superlative. You need to know how to change the form of adjectives and adverbs when making comparison. There are three ways to do that.

1. Add er / est such as fast – faster – fastest, low – lower – lowest
2. Using more / most such as comfortable – more comfortable – most comfortable.
3. Some adjectives and adverbs need to change to other words completely

Many – more- most, badly – worse – worst

  • Adverbs of frequency

There are 12 adverbs of frequency. They signify how often an action happens. Each of them shows different degree of frequency. They are always close to a verb or an adjective.

100%AlwaysHe always gives me a ride home.
UsuallyI usually cook for my family.
Normally / GenerallyNormally, the market is crowded on Saturday.
Often / FrequentlyThe program is frequently used in the office.
SometimesSometimes I just don’t know what he wants from me.
OccasionallyMy aunt occasionally visits me.
SeldomI seldom talk to my high school friends.
Hardly ever / RarelyMy parents hardly ever argue.
0%NeverShe never orders anything but fried rice.

More examples and explanation can be found here.

Check this out : http://www.grammar.cl/Basic/Adverbs_Frequency.htm

 

  • Word choices

Word choice is about choosing the right word in the right context. You have to know the meaning of the word and know when it is commonly used. The word choice problem usually occurs with the words that are similar or have close meaning. Here are some words that are frequently misused.

Check this out :

http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0200807.html

http://pcs.ieee.org/communication-resources-for-engineers/grammar/word-choice/

  • Clauses

A clause includes a subject and a verb. There are two kinds of clauses; independent and dependent. These two are seen together in a complex sentence.

Example: I will call him as soon as he landed.

The independent clause is underlined. It makes sense on its own. The dependent clause is in bold. It doesn’t make sense and incomplete when it’s alone.

A clause in a sentence can act as a noun, adjective, or adverb. See more details here.

Check this out : http://www.grammar-monster.com/glossary/clause.htm

 

  • Conditionals

There are four types of conditional sentences.

TypesIf clauseMain clause
Eternal truthsPresent SimplePresent Simple
Possible and likely (future)Present SimpleFuture simple with ‘will’
Possible and unlikely (present)Past SimpleFuture simple with ‘would’
Impossible (past)Past PerfectFuture Perfect

I know that this topic is very difficult to understand for somebody. This website gives a very easy explanation.

Check this out : http://www.english247.net/english-grammar-lesson-22-conditional-sentences/

 

 

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TOEIC Day 9 - Grammar 3

A sentence in causative form is the one that has the following verbs; let, make, have, get, and help. They are called causative verbs. For example, I had my hair cut yesterday.
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