TOEIC Day 9 - Grammar 3

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TOEIC Day 9 – Grammar 3
By chulatutor   on 02/07/15


TOEIC Day 9 – Grammar 3

  • Causative forms

A sentence in causative form is the one that has the following verbs; let, make, have, get, and help. They are called causative verbs. For example, I had my hair cut yesterday. Here are the forms.

Here are the forms.

Permitting LET + person/thing + Verb in base form
Forcing MAKE + person + Verb in base form
Giving responsibility HAVE + person + Verb in base form
HAVE + Thing + Verb in Past Participle
Convincing / encouraging GET + person + to + Verb
Assisting someone HELP + person + Verb in base form
HELP + person + to + Verb

For more examples, go here.

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  • Comparisons

You can make comparison in two aspects; comparative and superlative. You need to know how to change the form of adjectives and adverbs when making comparison. There are three ways to do that.

1. Add er / est such as fast – faster – fastest, low – lower – lowest
2. Using more / most such as comfortable – more comfortable – most comfortable.
3. Some adjectives and adverbs need to change to other words completely

Many – more- most, badly – worse – worst

  • Adverbs of frequency

There are 12 adverbs of frequency. They signify how often an action happens. Each of them shows different degree of frequency. They are always close to a verb or an adjective.

100% Always He always gives me a ride home.
Usually I usually cook for my family.
Normally / Generally Normally, the market is crowded on Saturday.
Often / Frequently The program is frequently used in the office.
Sometimes Sometimes I just don’t know what he wants from me.
Occasionally My aunt occasionally visits me.
Seldom I seldom talk to my high school friends.
Hardly ever / Rarely My parents hardly ever argue.
0% Never She never orders anything but fried rice.

More examples and explanation can be found here.

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  • Word choices

Word choice is about choosing the right word in the right context. You have to know the meaning of the word and know when it is commonly used. The word choice problem usually occurs with the words that are similar or have close meaning. Here are some words that are frequently misused.

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  • Clauses

A clause includes a subject and a verb. There are two kinds of clauses; independent and dependent. These two are seen together in a complex sentence.

Example: I will call him as soon as he landed.

The independent clause is underlined. It makes sense on its own. The dependent clause is in bold. It doesn’t make sense and incomplete when it’s alone.

A clause in a sentence can act as a noun, adjective, or adverb. See more details here.

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  • Conditionals

There are four types of conditional sentences.

Types If clause Main clause
Eternal truths Present Simple Present Simple
Possible and likely (future) Present Simple Future simple with ‘will’
Possible and unlikely (present) Past Simple Future simple with ‘would’
Impossible (past) Past Perfect Future Perfect

I know that this topic is very difficult to understand for somebody. This website gives a very easy explanation.

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TOEIC Day 9 - Grammar 3

A sentence in causative form is the one that has the following verbs; let, make, have, get, and help. They are called causative verbs. For example, I had my hair cut yesterday.
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