TOEIC Day 9 – Grammar 3
- Causative forms
A sentence in causative form is the one that has the following verbs; let, make, have, get, and help. They are called causative verbs. For example, I had my hair cut yesterday. Here are the forms.
Here are the forms.
|Permitting||LET + person/thing + Verb in base form|
|Forcing||MAKE + person + Verb in base form|
|Giving responsibility||HAVE + person + Verb in base form|
|HAVE + Thing + Verb in Past Participle|
|Convincing / encouraging||GET + person + to + Verb|
|Assisting someone||HELP + person + Verb in base form|
|HELP + person + to + Verb|
For more examples, go here.
Check this out : http://www.espressoenglish.net/causative-verbs-in-english-let-make-have-get-help/
You can make comparison in two aspects; comparative and superlative. You need to know how to change the form of adjectives and adverbs when making comparison. There are three ways to do that.
1. Add er / est such as fast – faster – fastest, low – lower – lowest
2. Using more / most such as comfortable – more comfortable – most comfortable.
3. Some adjectives and adverbs need to change to other words completely
Many – more- most, badly – worse – worst
- Adverbs of frequency
There are 12 adverbs of frequency. They signify how often an action happens. Each of them shows different degree of frequency. They are always close to a verb or an adjective.
|100%||Always||He always gives me a ride home.|
|Usually||I usually cook for my family.|
|Normally / Generally||Normally, the market is crowded on Saturday.|
|Often / Frequently||The program is frequently used in the office.|
|Sometimes||Sometimes I just don’t know what he wants from me.|
|Occasionally||My aunt occasionally visits me.|
|Seldom||I seldom talk to my high school friends.|
|Hardly ever / Rarely||My parents hardly ever argue.|
|0%||Never||She never orders anything but fried rice.|
More examples and explanation can be found here.
Check this out : http://www.grammar.cl/Basic/Adverbs_Frequency.htm
- Word choices
Word choice is about choosing the right word in the right context. You have to know the meaning of the word and know when it is commonly used. The word choice problem usually occurs with the words that are similar or have close meaning. Here are some words that are frequently misused.
Check this out :
A clause includes a subject and a verb. There are two kinds of clauses; independent and dependent. These two are seen together in a complex sentence.
Example: I will call him as soon as he landed.
The independent clause is underlined. It makes sense on its own. The dependent clause is in bold. It doesn’t make sense and incomplete when it’s alone.
A clause in a sentence can act as a noun, adjective, or adverb. See more details here.
Check this out : http://www.grammar-monster.com/glossary/clause.htm
There are four types of conditional sentences.
|Types||If clause||Main clause|
|Eternal truths||Present Simple||Present Simple|
|Possible and likely (future)||Present Simple||Future simple with ‘will’|
|Possible and unlikely (present)||Past Simple||Future simple with ‘would’|
|Impossible (past)||Past Perfect||Future Perfect|
I know that this topic is very difficult to understand for somebody. This website gives a very easy explanation.
Check this out : http://www.english247.net/english-grammar-lesson-22-conditional-sentences/
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