TOEIC Day 1 – Grammar 1
- Word forms
It is very important to distinguish different kinds of words and their functions. There are five kinds of word: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, and preposition. A word can appear in different forms.
A word changes it forms by using suffixes and prefixes. If you know how to this tool, you don’t have to memorize every vocabularies in the world. You just have to know the root word and how to use prefix and suffix to coin the word you want. Watch this clip for explanation of how to form a word.
Check this out : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WWvzHiif7H0
- Count vs uncount nouns
Knowing which noun is countable or uncountable matters in selecting an appropriate article and whether to add s/es at the end of a noun. This is a very basic grammar rule that you should be good at.
|Countable||indefinite – a / andefinite – the||indefinite – s / es / othersdefinite – the + s / es / others|
|Uncountable||indefinite – some / Ødefinite – the||No plural form because it cannot be counted.|
|Countable||indefinite – a studentdefinite – the student||indefinite – studentsdefinite – the students|
|Uncountable||indefinite – (some) sugardefinite – the sugar||Sugar cannot be counted because it’s too small.|
Watch this clip for easy explanation.
Check this out : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xao9HHbapEk
A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. The most frequently seen pronouns are I, me, he, she, you, it, that, they, each, few, many, who, whoever, whose, someone, everybody, etc. You must be able to choose an appropriate pronoun in a sentence and to identify the noun that is represented. There are 12 rules about pronoun usage. Visit this page to find out more.
Check this out : http://www.grammarbook.com/grammar/pronoun.asp
Preposition is a word that signifies a position or acts as cohesive device. There are 4 main types of prepositions.
Prepositions of Time: My parents will be here on Monday in the afternoon.
Prepositions of Place: I left my jacket at home in the living room.
Prepositions of Movement: We’re on the way to Las Vegas right now.
Prepositions in Collocation: I apologize for the delay. I know you’re mad at me.
More detail on prepositions, go here.
Check this out : http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/prepositions.htm
A conjunction is the word that joins two parts of a sentence. There are two types of conjunctions: coordinating conjunctions and subordinating conjunctions. Coordinating conjunctions join two parts of a compound sentence. They are FANBOYS: for, and, or, but, nor, yet, so. Meanwhile, subordinating conjunctions join a complex sentence. The common ones are after, although, as, because, before, how, if, though, until, when, where, while. Go to these pages to learn more details.
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In a sentence, there must be at least one action verb or linking verb. Action verbs are, for example, cry, drive, talk, feel, manipulate, organize, and become. They may be in present form, past form, or -ing form. Linkng verbs are auxiliary verbs suach as may, can, would. Go to this page to learn about how to locate a verb in a sentence.
Check this out : http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/how-to-locate-the-verb-in-a-sentence.html