Express way to IELTS in 20 days# 2 – Grammar (Verb tenses, Modals)
There are two kinds of verb in English; full verb and auxiliary verb.
- Full verb is a verb that bears its own meaning such as run, watch, teach, study, and drive.
- Auxiliary verb (helping verb) does not have a meaning. They just ‘help’ other words to form a complete sentence. Helping verbs are verb to be (is, am, are, was, were), verb to do (do, does, did), verb to have (has, have, had), and modal verbs, which will be addressed later on.
Don’t be disturbed by these ‘linguistic terms’. One crucial thing that you need to bear in mind is ‘THERE MUST BE AT LEAST ONE VERB IN A SENTENCE’.
Another characteristic of English that does not exist in Thai language system is the variation of verbs according to WHEN the action is taking place that is VERB TENSES. Unfortunately, there are as much as 12 tenses in English. Fortunately, knowing around half of them will get you through IELTS test.
Present Simple tense is mainly used to describe permanent situations, habits, or generalizations.
Example : Social network allows us to access worldwide news more easily. (permanent situation)
Present Continuous tense is mainly used to describe actions happening at the moment, temporary situations, or definite future plans.
Example : He’s cleaning up the kitchen. (happening action)
The European countries are still deciding how to handle the immigrants crisis. (temporary situation)
Past Simple tense is mainly used to describe finished events in the past with no connection to the present or stories.
Example: The Duchess of Cambridge gave birth to a baby girl, her second child, last week. (finished event)
Future Simple tense is mainly used to describe future facts, predictions based on opinion, or promises.
Example: I really believe that the living standard of city people will get better. (prediction based on opinion)
Future Perfect tense is mainly used to describe unfinished events or situations.
Example: The water pollution has troubled this community for a very long time.
In the website I give below, there are articles explaining how to make the tense and how to use the tense. They are completed with essential details and quite easy to read. Take your time to review this topic as much as you can. Make sure you know how to choose an appropriate tense, and then, how to form the tense correctly.
Check this out : http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/verb-tenses.html
Modal verbs are can, could, may, might, will, would, must, shall, should, and ought to. A special feature of these verbs that you need to remember is they are followed directly by the infinitive form of another verb, without ‘to’. There are five situations where we could use the modal verbs; probability, ability, obligation and advice, permission, habits. For full explanation of how to use modal verbs in each situation with exercise, please go to this website.
Check this out: http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/modal-verbs.html