Express way to IELTS in 20 days# 1 – Grammar (Noun, Pronoun)
Some people say don’t worry about grammar. Well, that’s true when you were younger and started to learn English. But now, you’re going to study in a university. So, grammar does matter! In IELTS examination, basic grammar is crucial. It can cause you several marks. My advice is ‘keep it simple’ by using sentence structures that you are familiar with.
For those who are not comfortable with grammar, it is vital that you must build a strong foundation skill before continuing to the tests. For those who have strong foundation, you can skip this part or read through it as a review.
Noun and Pronoun
Nouns are words that represent a person, thing, animal, idea, place, action, state, and quality. However, the important thing is not memorizing the definition but identifying the nouns in a sentence. Nouns generally have three functions in sentence; subject, object, and complement. The highlighted words in the following sentences are nouns as subjects, the italic ones are objects, and the underlined one is complement.
John didn’t wear a jacket.
Beth finished her reports last night.
My favourite place in Bangkok is Sirikit Park.
That’s easy, right? The harder part that comes along with nouns is articles. The concept of using articles, ‘a, an, the’, in English is seen as unfavourable to many Thai students. No matter how many times you study about it, you can’t seem to get it right. That is because the concept of definite and indefinite noun does not appear in Thai language. My advice is this.
- Is the noun a specific name like a person’s name or a place? If yes, no article is needed. If no, go to next question.
- Is it the first time that the noun is mentioned? If yes, no article is needed for a plural noun and ‘a or an’ is required for a singular noun. If not, ‘the’ should be added.
Pronoun are words that are used as a replacement of nouns. Why replacing? Because, naturally, we don’t keep repeating the name of something too often. Look at these sentences. He, she, them, and which are pronouns.
John didn’t wear a jacket. So, he was freezing in the classroom.
Beth finished her reports last night but she forgot to bring them to class.
My favourite place in Bangkok is Sirikit Park, which is very spacious.
Go to this site to read more explanations on nouns and pronouns.
Check this out : http://www.wiltshire.ac.uk/learning/study_skills/basic_skills/nouns_pronouns.asp
The exam will not ask you to identify nouns and pronouns and circle them. But be able to tell the difference between nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and others will help you in every section of IELTS.
- In Writing section and Speaking section, if you can place each word in a sentence in a correct order according to their functions, it will help you communicate more effectively. Which one of these two sentences makes more sense to you?
Example: John didn’t wear a jacket . (correct)
Wear didn’t a John jacket . (incorrect)
- In Reading section, it will be easier if you can crack the reference system through pronouns.
- In Listening section, because you’ll have some time to read the questions before each audio starts, you’ll know exactly what you are waiting for; a noun, a modifier, or a verb.