Express way to IELTS in 20 days# 4 – Grammar (Modifiers 2, Conditional, Passive Voice)
Let’s continue with the little more complex modifier: a modifying phrase or clause. This is not something new. You’ve learned about it when you learned about complex sentence. Modifying phrases modify nouns and typically come with who, whom, which, that. However, sometimes, the relative pronouns may be omitted.
Example IELTS exam :
Additionally, a young archaeologist has recently found extremely significant evidence regarding the lives during Ancient Egypt.
Additionally, a young archaeologist has recently found extremely significant evidence which regards the lives during Ancient Egypt.
The people left behind had to survive by themselves.
The people who were left behind had to survive by themselves.
Please see this website for How to Omit a Relative Pronoun.
Check this out : http://www.wikihow.com/Omit-a-Relative-Pronoun
You may have heard of defining and non-defining clause and with-without-comma rule. Watch this clip! It clearly explains about the subject.
Check this out : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5rV6EY1Zqis
Another important modifier is an adverb clause. There are many kinds of adverb clause such as the followings.
Adverb of Time : His wife was preparing the dinner when he came home.
Adverb of Place : He always causes trouble wherever he goes.
Adverb of Comparison : Jenny is not as smart as Claire is.
Visit this webpage to learn more about adverb clause.
Check this out : http://www.grammar-monster.com/glossary/adverbial_clauses.htm
Conditional clause or if-clause is also a type of adverb clause called Adverb of Condition. This type of clause has special rules of its own, which confused many people. The key thing to figure this out is asking yourself ‘What is the intention of this sentence?’ when form the sentence accordingly to each type.
In short there are four types of conditional sentence.
Follow the first link to learn more about each type of conditional sentence and visit British Council webpage to access a video of Sophie and Oliver with practice exercises.
Check this out :
Generally in an English sentence or clause, the emphasis is on the subject. However, sometimes the subject does not perform the action. Take a look at this sentence.
Example : The wall is decorated with mosaic tiles.
It doesn’t say who performs the action ‘decorate’. Maybe nobody knows who put the mosaic tiles up on the wall or it just doesn’t matter who did it. What matters is this is a mosaic wall. In this situation, we will build up the sentence with passive voice structure.
Structure : Subject + verb to be + V3 (Past Participle).
Here is the site containing exercises on Active and Passive Voice. Take your time to review this topic because passive voice is significantly more appropriate in some cases.
Check this out : http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises_list/passiv.htm